How to get an Ear on Bread
Bakers love to see an ear on their bread, and it’s easy to see why we get jealous over Instagram images of these mind-blowing crusts. It’s crazy how far some of these crusts can take off, the perfect ear is fantastic to look at.
If you are not sure what one is, take a look at how the crust flies away from the bread in the image below. If you were to put this bread on its side, it’d look like an ear.
Making an ear step by step
To make an ear, we have to take a close look at the dough, the proofing, the cut and the oven set up. All of these pinch points need to be spot on in order to achieve the big oven spring required for this elusive feat.
Let’s look at each one in detail.
The importance of a quality dough
We need a dough with plenty of maturity in order to make an ear. A good dough is needed for the gluten to stretch and retain the gas created during the oven spring.
To mature dough, a long bulk fermentation of 6+ hours is ideal. The use of prefermented flour (such as sourdough or biga) is also advantageous.
Shaping the bread
You need to be pretty confident with dough in order to shape this design. Though it's nothing out of the ordinary, the rested dough should be degassed, pre-shaped, and left to rest for around 20 minutes before it's final shaped.
A firm touch is needed in order to build tension in the outer layer. This is essential for the bread to hold it's shape as it rises.
How much to proof for an ear
To get the ear we have to master our proofing bread technique. The key factor for getting an ear on bread is to under proof the dough. The optimum proof point when the dough stays down for 2 seconds in the poke test.
More gas is created when baking under proofed dough which forces through the weakest area of the crust violently as it escapes.
How to cut the bread to get an ear
If the cut is done right it will allow the gas to escape and expand to create exciting designs on the bread including an “ear” shape. Cut 5mm deep around the edge of the bread, holding the blade at an angle of 30 degrees.
The best way to bake it
The oven should be set up to bake crusty bread. If you are using a dutch oven, go ahead and use it. If baking direct in the oven, don't forget to preheat a baking stone and add steam to the oven.
You should now have the perfect ear. If you are still struggling take a look at the tips below:
Why can't I get an ear on my bread?
First of all look at the dough, is it well fermented before shaping. Does it feel strong whilst slightly gassy? If not then focus on generating stronger gluten development and increase fermentation levels.
If so, look at bread after it's baked. Does it have a nice golden colour? Have the cuts opened up at all? Is the crust strong and crusty?
If not take a look at how well you are proofing the bread and your oven is set up in order to get a nice even bake, the article about oven spring should help here.
If you have a decent dough, but without the ear it's probably the shaping or the cutting angle that need work. Practice makes perfect here, focus on building tension when shaping and getting the angle correct when cutting.
If this doesn't work, send me a picture on the Facebook page! It's up to you whether you prefer to have an ear shape on your bread, personally the crumb is a bit holey! But they do look very impressive. Regardless, I hope this helps!